A Must Read Guide to Helleborus Niger | How To Grow And Care For A Christmas Rose


Christmas Rose, scientifically known as Helleborus Niger, unlike its namesake, is an evergreen plant. It is highly rewarding and is very popular, especially in the Christmas season. These are mostly known for their shiny, dark, and leathery leaves and their wide white flowers. These plants can grow up to 12-15 inches in height, and although they are not very difficult to grow, one has to take into account specific conditions required for them to grow and flourish. 

It’s safe to say that the Christmas Rose has distinct needs to grow compared to some other plants, but once these needs get fulfilled, the plant pretty much takes care of itself. This article would highlight how you should plant, take care, and grow a Christmas Rose (Helleborus Niger) quickly; from early steps like cultivating, planting, watering, to pests and disease, this article looks into all.

Why Should You Have A Christmas Rose (Helleborus Niger) In Your Garden?

Historically, the Helleborus Niger or the Hellebore was highly used for medical purposes.  From menstrual health benefits to weight loss and more, Christmas Rose can be of help; however, it has to be kept in mind that all these healing benefits have should be taken with precautions.

With their pure white flowers standing firmly on fleshy stems, their ability to age into shades of pink and red, and the fact that they divide and form bunches, Christmas Rose Plant will add to the beauty of your garden, but that is not just the reason you should have them.

Historically, the Helleborus Niger or the Hellebore was highly used for medical purposes.  From menstrual health benefits to weight loss and more, Christmas Rose can be of help; however, it has to be kept in mind that all these healing benefits have should be taken with precautions. 

Menstrual Health

In females, the lack of blood flow to the pelvic area can cause menstruation problems and lead to stress.  The Helleborus Niger can help the blood move to your pelvic area and uterus, causing menstruation and improved reproductive system.

Weight Loss

This rose can cause urination and excretion, which can play a part in weight loss.  Getting into shape is usually a significant concern if people nowadays, so if you want to reduce some extra pounds, this plant is your best bet as Helleborus Niger can be of great use.


Helleborus can often be used as part of a homeopathic remedy for reducing headaches, especially after an accident causing injury. People suffering from migraines, mental lowness, and depression can use Christmas Rose and its healing powers.

Some Other Benefits

Christmas Rose Plant is a remarkable plant that has been popular amongst people through early times for its exceptional benefits in various ways. The following are some more benefits that incline people to have this plant in their garden:

  • Low chances of bug damage
  • Stay green throughout the year.
  • Can live to almost two years
  • Low maintenance (once planted properly)
  • Helps in cognitive development and in the ability to concentrate
  • Cleanses the body physically, spiritually, and mentally for ages.
  • Used to treat various mental disorders
  • They are generally simulating a festive, cheerful, and positive mood all year long.
  • Different homeopathic remedies use their roots.
  • The Root also works as an external local irritant

Most importantly, these plants are a big deal during Christmas decorations. Whether they are placed inside the house or out chilling in the garden, they, without a doubt, give you all the Christmas feels and keeps your Christmas spirits up. Not to mention, they compliment the Christmas tree perfectly. Don’t believe us? Try it yourself.

How to Plant A Christmas Rose?

How to plant a Christmas rose (Helleborus Niger)

Growing a Christmas Rose is not as hard as it might seem; once you take care of a few things and follow some steps, you too can have your own Christmas Rose plant.

Usually, the Helleborus Niger is directly propagated because the seeds are not very readily available, which is why we are going to look at both the situations, planting a Christmas Rose, and growing it from scratch.

Planting A Christmas Rose

In order to grace your house with this incredible creation, one needs to get their hands on it. A Christmas Rose plant may or may not be available at every plant shop or online. But what we would suggest you to do is visit a breeding facility on your own where most of these come.  There are numerous recommended facilities you can check to choose the breed of Helleborus Niger that excites you the most.  Don’t you worry; the salesperson will definitely help you in selecting the right kind.

Now once you have your Helleborus Niger plant, you are required to follow the following steps:

Steps for plantation:

  1. Start off by digging a relatively larger hole than the root area of the Christmas Rose, in case you are planting it in a pot, make sure it is big enough for the roots to expand quickly.
  2. Mix the surrounding soil with compost or clay for better nutrients.
  3. Now put your Helleborus in the pots or in the hole that you dug.
  4. Next, fill the hole with the soil until it reaches the roots’ upper neck.
  5. To tap it off, press the soil with your hands and water the plant afterward.

You can divide the Christmas Rose once it is fully grown. All you need to do is take out your plant from the soil, split the plant from the roots, and plant them separately in the soil. Also, don’t forget to water them in order for the soil to settle down and grab the root of the plant more tightly and securing it in its place. Remember to plant them with a distance from each other. In a few weeks, you will have a new plant.

Growing A Christmas Rose From Scratch

Growing a Christmas Rose from seeds can be very fulfilling because you get to do everything on your own. It’s like raising a baby if you ask us, and the best part that they relatively keep you in a good mood throughout the process.

And once it’s all grown up with beautiful bloomed roses, they not only elevate their surrounding but joy, the feeling that is felt is unexplainable and irreplaceable. Just like the plant you can access the seeds at various places. We would recommend checking and knowing about Helleborus Niger breed  and the quality of the seeds before purchasing them.

Steps For Cultivation

  1. Plant fresh seeds in a shaded, safe from strong winds and especially a cool place since the seeds only germinate in a cold environment.
  2. Cover the seeds with alkaline ph. Soil. You can also mix clay if needed.
  3. Water the seeds and leave them for about 3-6 weeks till the seedlings start to bud.
  4. When the plant starts growing and become an inch or two tall, you can now shift it to its permanent place.

Other than following the steps, there are a couple of more things that should be taken care of while growing a Christmas Rose. These include:

  • The soil should always be very moist and fertile. Most importantly, it should not collect water but drain it.
  • They should be planted with a reasonable distance from each other so that they can flourish and expand.
  • Their location should be intelligently decided since they are not very easy to relocate.
  • After plantation and once they start to grow, remember not to be disturbed in any manner. That includes repotting, adding new seeds, or redistributing.

How to take care of a Christmas Rose?

How to take care of a Christmas Rose?

How to care for Helleborus is something that you should know if you have one in your garden or plan to have one.  Although these plants mainly take care of themselves after they are planted or cultivated, they also need to be looked after like any other plant. 

Since the Black Hellebore flourishes in the cold season, unlike many plants that hibernate, this is why it should be made sure that these are specially looked after in this season.

Though the Xmas Rose is a relatively easy plant to take care of, few essential points need to be considered when caring for this plant for it grown and bloom further. They are:

Watering the plant

The soil around the plant should not get dry and flaky. As the plant can survive by soaking up water from the ground during dry periods, it should be ensured that the soil doesn’t get dehydrated. You should water your plant daily with a little amount every day. Moreover, it is preferable to water them during the morning when it is relatively cold. 


It is unnecessary to repot your plant; however, it is advisable to make your Christmas Rose last longer and healthier. It is better to repot your plant annually, especially during the summer season and not in the winter when the hellebore flower is blossoming.

While repotting the plant, make sure to keep the soil fertile by adding compost.  You can also separate the plant into multiple when it grows big enough; however, it is better to leave them as is.

If you are repotting it from a jar or a pot to the garden, make sure the plant’s new spot is not under any harsh heat.

Disease and pest

Insects, pests, diseases, or fungus can easily target Helleborus Niger since it is an evergreen flowering plant.


One of the most common problems these plants face is dark brown spots on the leaves. These spots can also appear on the petals of the flowers or can even cause them to wither.  They can spread rapidly throughout the plant and can eventually harm the plant much more than anticipated

The cause of these spots is a fungus that attacks the plant when it is left wet. It can happen in rainy weather or because of too much watering on the surface of the plant.

To protect your Christmas Rose from such a fungus, do not water the plant from above; only water the roots to keep them moist. Avoid putting your plants too close to each other. Plant them at a place where they are not exposed to rain, and in case a plant is infected, remove it.  


Beautiful flowering plants are more vulnerable to insect attack than other plants. During its flowering period, Christmas Rose can get attacked by small insects like snails and aphids. If you find a sticky drip on the insides of the leaves, know that aphids have attacked your plant.  If you find bitten leaves and pets, then it’s the snails.

Aphids can be hazardous to your plant, as it deprives the Helleborus Niger to grow. One of the recommended ways to get rid of aphids is simply washing them away and hosing them down. But be gentle; excessive water can be harsh on the plant too.

 In the case of snails, pick them from the plant and put them away. It is always good to spray some insecticide to keep these insects from harming your plant or using natural predators like ladybugs.


The most dangerous and destructive disease in Helleborus Niger is called the Black Spot Disease. If you notice blotchy black spots on your plant or curled up leaves, know that your plant has been affected by the Black Spot disease.

Although it is rare to find this in your garden; however, if you still do, it is best to destroy the plant rather than relocating it in fresh soil.

If you still see your plant withering even when there seems no evident reason, the chance is that the roots might be affected. It can happen due to worms and other tiny insects that can block the water flow from the roots to the rest of the plant. In such a case, dispose of the affected pant so that the worms don’t spread.

To take good care of your Christmas Rose, below are listed some general tips that will help:

  • Water your plant regularly but not excessively. Make sure you water the root area only.
  • Plant it in neutral or slightly alkaline soil with good drainage.
  • Look for insects or pests and take action immediately.
  • Don’t disturb the plant too much once it starts growing.

What are the common problems faced with Christmas Rose?

Problems faced with Christmas Rose

Indoor Potting

Like many other plants, the most common issue while planting or purchasing a Helleborus Niger is whether it could be kept indoors in pots. An appreciated quality of this plant is that it is very adaptable, which is why it can be kept indoors.

You must have seen Hellebore plants during the Christmas season as a decoration around houses, and you too can do this by planting it in a container or a pot. Ensure that the pot or container being used is wide enough for the plant to grow, the soil used is rich in nutrients and that the plant gets adequate water and sunlight but is not too warm.

Dead after the Christmas

However, unfortunately, most people let their Christmas Rose die once the decoration period is over. This is very upsetting as the Xmas Rose does not only makes the place look put together but stimulates positive thoughts. So why deprive yourself of all the benefits that this plant possesses?

 Instead, what we advise is to carefully depot the plant from its respective container. And gently plant in a garden. This way, you will be able to enjoy the benefits of this exceptional plant throughout the year, while we prepared in time for the next Christmas to roll around with these insanely beautiful and bloomed roses without paying a dime. A definite steal if you ask us.

Unfavorable Risks

The Christmas Rose might contain some toxins, which is why it is safe to keep your pets like dogs and cats, away from the plants. On the one hand, the plant possessing healing powers always have the glory part of it. However, experts recommend using the plant with supervision during any consumption.


To wrap it up, Christmas Rose would undoubtedly make your home or garden stand out. This beautiful and low maintenance plant is perfect for your Christmas décor and would even last long after you are done with Christmas.

We have done our part, researched, and provided you with the comprehensive guide for a Christmas Rose. Now what you should do is get your hands on your own Helleborus Niger or its seeds as soon as possible and use the tips and tricks we have gathered to grow your plant and make it ready in time for Christmas.

Wishing you the best of Christmas in advance, and don’t forget to share your story with the Xmas Rose in the comment section and do let us know if this information helped you. And what other additional tried and tested tips you have to grow Christmas Rose successfully.


Why is it called Lenten Rose?

Helleborus Niger is also called the Lenten Rose since the plant blossoms in the Lent season, which is before Easter. This period lasts 40 days.

Do you deadhead the Christmas Rose?

Like most other plants, it is recommended to deadhead the Christmas Rose. This keeps the plant looking fresh and lively.

Why is my Christmas Rose not flowering?

One main reason why your Christmas rose is not flowering could be that its roots have run out of space. This can cause them to wrap around and eventually kill the plant. Make sure the container or the garden spot your Christmas Rose is in is wide enough. Another reason could be that the plant was forced to blossom in summer; hence it won’t do it again in winters.

When should the Christmas Rose be cut back? 

The Christmas Rose should be cut back/ pruned around the end of winter when the new growth appears. By this time, the old leaves may look damaged; hence it is an excellent time to prune them.

Is Hellebore poisonous to humans? 

Hellebores contain toxins that may cause harm if consumed, which is why it is recommended not to do so or use supervision from a professional before any consumption.

What does the Christmas Rose symbolize?

The Christmas Rose has a very long history. This plant symbolizes the birth of Jesus in Christianity. The Legend talks about a little girl, Madelon, who did not have any present for Christ; hence she got upset. Upon seeing this, God bestowed her with the gift of Christmas Rose.